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After more than 20 years of civil strife that displaced millions of Sudanese and resulted in the deaths of nearly 2 million people, the Comprehensive Peace Agreement brought hope for a transition from a state of conflict to development, democracy, and peace.

Calling for democratic elections throughout Sudan, the agreement offered a more transparent, representative political structure for all Sudanese.

While power and wealth-sharing were at the core of the conflict, seemingly intractable disagreements over the proper role of religion in Sudan and the right to self-determination for the south often defined the civil war.

President Carter's first direct mediation effort in Sudan was between the government and the SPLM/A in Nairobi, Kenya, in 1989.

The Carter Center also observed elections in Sudan in 2010 and the historic referendum on independence for South Sudan in 2011.

The vote, however, changed little on the ground, and the territory remains a no man's land.He remained in close contact with the leadership of the parties and other key players and sought to narrow differences and promote peace.In 1995, he secured a cease-fire from President Bashir and then-SPLM/A leader Dr.In 2013, in partnership with the Future Studies Centre in Khartoum and the Ebony Centre for Strategic Studies in Juba, The Carter Center launched a series of non-governmental dialogues between prominent leaders from Sudan and South Sudan in hopes of strengthening peace and creating a lasting understanding between the two countries.The initiative created a forum for key individuals to come up with ideas on what needs to be done in practical terms and in an achievable way. Lazaro Sumbeiywo, chief mediator of the 2005 Sudan Comprehensive Peace Agreement, and Ambassador David Kapya, special adviser to the former president of Tanzania, Benjamin Mkapa.

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