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The principle states that any geologic features that cut across strata must have formed after the rocks they cut through (Figures 2 and 3).According to the principle of original horizontality, these strata must have been deposited horizontally and then titled vertically after they were deposited.Second, it is possible to determine the numerical age for fossils or earth materials.Numerical ages estimate the date of a geological event and can sometimes reveal quite precisely when a fossil species existed in time.The age of the fossil must be determined so it can be compared to other fossil species from the same time period.Understanding the ages of related fossil species helps scientists piece together the evolutionary history of a group of organisms.
The principle of superposition builds on the principle of original horizontality.
Layers of rock are deposited horizontally at the bottom of a lake (principle of original horizontality).
Younger layers are deposited on top of older layers (principle of superposition).
However, the age of each fossil primate needs to be determined so that fossils of the same age found in different parts of the world and fossils of different ages can be compared.
There are three general approaches that allow scientists to date geological materials and answer the question: "How old is this fossil?